Regional Portraits

Chaudière-Appalaches (12)

 

Geography and administration

The Chaudière-Appalaches region is bordered to the west by the Estrie and Centre-du-Québec regions and to the east, by the Bas-Saint-Laurent region. The northern limit is the Fleuve Saint-Laurent and the southern limit is the state of Maine in the United States.

The 136 municipalities forming the region are grouped in 9 regional county municipalities (French acronym MRC):

 

It should be noted that Lévis is not part of a regional county municipality. However, its administration exercises certain powers normally assigned to an MRC.

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Agriculture, fisheries and food

The bio-food sector is at the core of the social and economic vitality of the Chaudière-Appalaches region, providing food for people across Québec and around the world. In fact, this region’s bio-food sector is the second-largest in the province.

Agriculturally speaking, Chaudière-Appalaches stands out for the wide variety of its landscapes, which influences its agricultural practices. The Chaudière and Etchemin river valleys as well as the St-Laurent plain offer very fertile land. Chaudière-Appalaches is home to over 5,400 agricultural businesses specializing in a variety of areas. Chief among them is livestock farming for the pork, dairy, poultry, and beef industries. A smaller number of businesses specialize in non-traditional livestock farming, rearing animals such as rabbits, goats, and bison. Plant production, including sugar maple production, horticulture, and large-scale crop farming, is also well established. Additionally, there is strong enthusiasm for organic farming in the region.

Lastly, the food processing sector is well established in all of Chaudière-Appalaches’ regional county municipalities. The region’s food processing operations notably specialize in meat, cheese, baked goods, and maple products.​

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Economy and employment

Chaudière-Appalaches is the home of people with an exceptional sense of entrepreneurship. Economic activity has also always benefited from direct access to the Fleuve Saint-Laurent and proximity to the United States.

The region’s economy is notable due to the relative importance of its primary and secondary sectors (goods production, construction, and manufacturing). This industrial structure is a unique feature. Proportionally speaking, the region’s primary sector provides twice as many jobs as in Québec as a whole.

The bio-food industry is also important to the region, due in part to slaughterhouse operations and other activities in the food processing sector.

Commercial activity is mainly concentrated in the Beauce and Lévis areas, where the main population centres are located. Lévis, in particular, benefits from the proximity of several major companies from the finance and insurance sector.

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Tourism, recreation and culture

Chaudière-Appalaches has many bike trails, enabling cyclists to tour the entire region.

Visitors can admire the architecture of manors, seigneuries, ancestral homes and mills dating from the 19th century that bear witness to the colonization of New France. They can also take a trip to Grosse-Île, where thousands of Irish immigrants were quarantined before continuing their North American journey.

The region is also known for its wood carvings, a genuine jewel of Québec heritage, and for its geological resources.

Visitors to the Chaudière-Appalaches region can enjoy many outdoor activities in two regional parks and a national park and take advantage of a vast network of snowmobile trails as well.

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