A large portion of the province of Québec is characterized by a humid continental climate and 4 distinct seasons
. The climate in Québec’s regions varies depending on their latitude, terrain and the maritime influence.
- March 21 to June 20
- Temperatures become warmer in spring but nights remain cool.
- Average daytime temperatures are around 12° Celsius in March, April and early May.
- June 21 to September 20
- Summers are generally warm and humid.
- Temperatures remain above 20° Celsius in most regions of Québec.
- September 21 to December 20
- Fall is cool and rainy.
- The temperature is usually between 10° and 12° Celsius.
- December 21 to March 20
- Winters are cold and rather long, with significant accumulations of snow.
- The temperature is generally below 0° Celsius and can even fall below -25° Celsius in some areas.
The snow-cover period is approximately 12 weeks in Montréal and can last up to 23 weeks in the Gaspé Peninsula. In general, there are 5 or 6 snowstorms
during the winter. During that time, strong winds result in colder temperatures and sometimes cause blowing snow, i.e. fine, powdery snow that is swept in all directions by the wind.
Over the centuries, Quebecers have gradually adapted to the winter:
- They are accustomed to the harshness of winter and wear warm clothing that is appropriate for the season
- Mechanical snow removal is usually fast, efficient and well organized
- Many Quebecers take advantage of the season to enjoy winter sports and recreation.