Québec.

Employment and Labour

The ministère du Travail, through its policies and programs, helps promote harmonious labour relations, fair labour conditions and healthy work environments that help increase organizational performance. It is responsible for enforcing laws and regulations in the field of employment and labour.

In Québec, labour conditions are determined in two ways:
  • By the parties themselves:
    • on an individual relationship basis, resulting in a contract of employment under the Civil Code, or
    • on the basis of negotiations between labour and management, concluded by the signing of a collective agreement within the meaning of the Labour Code.
  • By the government unilaterally applying the Act respecting labour standards  and the regulations thereunder.

The government also intervenes to extend the applicability of a negotiation outcome to third parties who were not involved in the negotiation. In such cases, the Ministry will then apply the Act Respecting Collective Agreement Decrees.

The minister of Travail enforces the Act respecting the ministère du Travail and various other legislations, including those establishing the following organizations:

  • The Bureau des permis de service de référence de main-d’œuvre is mandated to administer the labour-referral service licence issuing system. Labour-referral service licences are required in order to use the Service de référence de main-d’œuvre de l’industrie de la construction managed by the Commission de la construction du Québec (CCQ). The Bureau des permis receives and processes all complaints related to the referral of construction industry employees.
  • The Commission de l'équité salariale (pay equity commission) is responsible for redressing the wage gap based on gender, within the same company, among persons occupying positions in predominantly female job classes.
  • The Commission de la construction du Québec (Québec construction commission) enforces the (Act R-20), which regulates the industry.
  • The Commission des lésions professionnelles (occupational injuries board) is a tribunal specialized in occupational health and safety.
  • The Commission des normes du travail (labour standards commission) guarantees minimum working conditions for all workers, and its duties include determining the base salary, statutory holidays, the length of the workweek and the notice periods for layoffs.
  • The Commission des relations de travail is a tribunal specialized in the field of labour relations and construction in Québec.
  • The Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (occupational health and safety commission) is committed to preventing accidents and occupational diseases. Its goal is to eliminate the sources of risk to the health and physical safety of Québec workers.
  • The Conseil consultatif du travail et de la main-d’œuvre (advisory council on labour and workforce) aims to develop and maintain cooperation among employer and labour organizations in order to guide and support government action regarding labour and the workforce.

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