The Québec health and social services system is public, since the state acts as the principal insurer and administrator of the range of services. The funding of services is based on general taxation, which results in a more equitable risk distribution in society. The funds used to finance health services and social services come from income and property taxes paid by individuals and businesses, contributions to the Health Services Funds (Fonds des services de santé), consumption taxes, duties and license fees, and revenues from government corporations and federal transfers.
Health costs are climbing. In 1980, healthcare accounted for 31% of government expenditures and programs. In 2010, it accounts for 45 %.